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Dahomey (1899-1945, 1960-76)
Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 3.1 million (1975 estimate). A former republic in West Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea, situated between Togo and Nigeria. During 1863-92 France occupied the area, consolidating its holdings as the colony of Dahomey in 1899. In 1904, it became part of French West Africa. In 1958, Dahomey became an autonomous republic within the French Community, and in 1960 it became an independent republic. In 1974, Dahomey assumed the name Benin.
Stamp-issuing status: inactive. Area on the coast of Croatia around the port of Zara. Dalmatia was occupied by Italy in 1918 and became part of Yugoslavia after World War II.
Danish West Indies (1855-1917)
Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 27,500 (1917 estimate). A small group of islands east of Puerto Rico. Having passed through the hands of Spain, France, The Netherlands, Great Britain, the Knights of Malta and Brandenburg (Prussia), the islands finally came under Danish rule in 1733 and 1754 (St. Thomas). In 1916, the colony was sold to the United States, which took possession on April 1, 1917. They were renamed the U.S. Virgin Islands, and U.S. stamps replaced those of the colony.
Danube Steam Navigation Company (1866-80)
Stamp-issuing status: inactive. This company carried mail along the Danube, serving all countries through which the river passed, as well as the Russian port of Odessa on the Black Sea.
Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 407,000 (1939 estimate). A port on the Baltic Sea. Part of Prussia until after World War I, Danzig and adjacent territory was made a "Free City and State" under the protection of the League of Nations in 1920. In 1939, the district was occupied by Germany and, in 1945, was annexed by Poland.
Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A port on the strait of the same name between the Aegean and Mamara Seas. Issues of the Russian Levant were overprinted for use at its post office at Dardanelles.
Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A Hungarian district occupied by Romania after World War I, but later returned to Hungary.
Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A seaport in northern Greece. The French post office in Dedeagatch used unoverprinted French issues (canceled "5155" in a diamond-shaped grid of dots) from 1874-93 and stamps overprinted or inscribed "Dedeagh" from 1893 until August 1914. During the first Balkan War (1912), Dedeagatch was occupied by Bulgaria from Turkey. In 1913, Greece occupied the city from Bulgaria. Overprinted Bulgarian stamps, along with a typeset provisional issue, were used pending the arrival of regular Greek stamps.
Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 5,268,775. A kingdom in northwestern Europe, located strategically between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Denmark was one of the chief Viking centers and for centuries was one of the leading powers in northern Europe. At one time or another during the Middle Ages, Denmark ruled Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland and England. During the 17th-19th centuries, Danish power declined, and defeats by Sweden, Britain and Prussia forced it back to, roughly, its present boundaries. After 1815, Denmark adopted a policy of neutrality, which it maintained for 130 years. This policy was abandoned after World War II, during which the country was occupied by Germany. Denmark was a charter member of NATO and joined the Common Market in 1960. A rich country agriculturally, Denmark has undergone an industrial boom since 1945. A long tradition of democracy and social cooperation mark the country's political life.
Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A former feudatory state in west-central India, Dhar issues were replaced by those of India on April 1, 1901.
Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 12,000 (1896). A port at the north end of Madagascar, Diego-Suarez was a French colony and naval base from 1885 to 1896, when it was attached to Madagascar.
Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 434,116. The former French overseas territory of Afars and Issas in northeast Africa became independent on June 17, 1977. Somali Coast and Obock issues also received Djibouti overprints and surcharges in 1894-1902. Djibouti is supported by French aid, and a French garrison remains in the country.
Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A Romanian territory on the Black Sea, comprising the area south of the Danube River. Dobrudja was occupied by Bulgaria during World War I, during which time overprinted Bulgarian stamps were used in the district.
Dodecanese Islands (1947)
Stamp-issuing status: inactive. The former Italian Aegean Islands, occupied by Greece after World War II. Overprinted Greek stamps were used until their replacement by regular Greek issues.
Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 83,226. An island in the Caribbean southeast of Puerto Rico. Dominica was a British Crown Colony 1833-1968 and an Associate State 1968-78. On Nov. 3, 1978, it became independent.
Dominican Republic (1865-)
Stamp-issuing status: active; Population 8,228,151. A republic occupying the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola in the West Indies. The Dominican Republic was ruled by Spain until c.1800, thereafter falling under periods of Spanish, French and Haitian rule until 1844. In 1861-65, the republic was again occupied by Spain. A Dominican request for annexation by the United States was rejected in 1865. The first stamps used in the country were Spanish colonial issues for Cuba and Puerto Rico. After the Spanish withdrawal, the Dominican Republic began issuing its own stamps. The rest of the 19th century was marked by political instability. From 1916 to 1922, the country was under U.S. military administration, and U.S. troops remained until 1924. In 1930, Gen. Rafael Trujillo Molina came to power and ruled the country for the next three decades. Trujillo maintained order (at the expense of individual liberties) and brought a degree of economic development. Increasing popular dissatisfaction with Trujillo's repressive regime brought his assassination in 1961 and the fall of his designated successor the following year. Free elections were held in 1962, but the president was deposed in 1963. In 1965, the ousted leader's followers staged a revolt, and U.S. troops occupied the country to restore order, remaining, along with small contingents from five South American countries, as a peacekeeping force until September 1966. Since that time, the Dominican Republic has enjoyed relative stability and economic progress.
Don Cossack Government (1918-19)
Stamp-issuing status: inactive. On June 5, 1918, the Don Cossacks established a republic at Rostov, in southern Russia. Allied with Gen. Denikin's Volunteer Army, the government fell to the Soviets after Denikin's withdrawal from Rostov in February 1920.
Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A sheikhdom in the Trucial States in east Arabia in the Persian Gulf. Dubai was under British protection from 1892-1971 when it became a part of the independent United Arab Emirates.
Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 31,017 (1943). A French port on the English Channel. During July 1-Aug. 9, 1940, 15 French stamps overprinted locally by the German military authorities were in use in the area around Dunkerque.
Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A city in the province of Vizcaya in northern Spain. A 16-value set was overprinted by local authorities in 1937 to commemorate the occupation of the city by the Nationalists.
Durazzo (1909-11, 1916-18)
Stamp-issuing status: inactive. An Albanian port. Italian stamps overprinted "Durazzo" and surcharged in Turkish currency were used by the Italian post office in the city from February 1909 to 1911.
Duttia (Datia) (1893-1921)
Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A former feudatory state in north-central India, Duttia's stamps were replaced by Indian issues in 1921.
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